Komodo National Park is located between Sumbawa and Flores islands in eastern Indonesia. In administrativ included in the Regional District of Komodo, West Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara Province.
This area is designated as the Komodo National Park on March 6, 1980 and declared a Man and the Biosphere Reserve in 1977 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991, as a national symbol by the President in 1992, as Marine Protected Areas in 2000 and as well as one of the Park Model in Indonesia in 2006.
Komodo National Park covers an area of 173 300 ha of land and sea with the five main islands of Komodo, Padar, Rinca, Gili Motang, Nusa Kode and other small islands. Island declared a national park to protect the endangered Komodo dragon and its habitat and biodiversity in the region. Marine park established to protect the diverse marine life found around the islands, including the richest on earth.
Komodo National Park lies in the Wallacea region of Indonesia. Wallacea region formed by the confluence of two continents that make up the unique rows of mountainous islands of the fire, and consists of a mixture of birds and animals from both continents Autralia and Asia. There are 254 plant species originating from Asia and Australia in the Park. In addition, there are also 58 species of animals and 128 species of birds. The combination of a variety of vegetation in the Park provides a good environment for various types of animals in this region.
There are four villages within the Park. Komodo island has one village the village of Komodo; The island has two villages namely Rinca Rinca and Kerora, and the island has one village Papagarang Papagaran the village. Until 2010, people living in the region amounted to 4251 people and most of the people livelihood as fishermen.
The Komodo dragon is the world's largest lizard, and can grow to three metres long. On the small Eastern Indonesian islands where it is found, the dragons can kill animals far larger than themselves, including water buffalo, pigs and Timor deer. The evolutionary development of the carnivorous lizards began with the Varanus genus, which originated in Asia about 40 million years ago.
Following its successful campaign to be elected as one of the New7Wonders of Nature, Indonesia's Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara has seen a significant upsurge in tourism, with 40,000 visitors recorded in the first quarter of this year.
“The increase is related to the new status,” East Nusa Tenggara Tourism, Art and Culture Agency head Abraham Klakik, told The Jakarta Post. “The local administration is upbeat that the number will increase in the second semester,” he added.
To meet its targets, the regional administration aims to expand the local infrastructure, including the airport, restaurants and hotels.
Meanwhile, The Jarkarta Globe reports that Indonesia's Vice President Boediono compared the country's thriving economy to the famous Komodo dragon. “It is meant to characterize an economy that is resilient, buoyant and surprisingly agile,' he said of the dragon in his keynote speech at the Wharton Alumni Forum 2012, “But yes, the Komodo also bites,” he added.
With some rather well-fed Komodo dragons warming themselves under the hot sun, Bernard Weber, founder and President of New7Wonders, handed over the official Komodo New7Wonders of Nature Certificate of Participation to the Head of Komodo National Park, and Jusuf Kalla, former Vice President of Indonesia.
Earlier this month, it was reported that Vietnam's Halong Bay had benefitted from the New7Wonders effect in the form of a rise in cruise visitor numbers, and the Great Wall of China experienced record visitor growth since being voted one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.